Acta Veterinaria Eurasia
Original Article
Wound-healing Potentials of Dietary Lactobacillus plantarum and Psidium guajava Leaf Meal in Clarias gariepinus Juveniles

Wound-healing Potentials of Dietary Lactobacillus plantarum and Psidium guajava Leaf Meal in Clarias gariepinus Juveniles

1.

Department of Fisheries and Water Resources, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana

2.

Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Management, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

3.

Department of Veterinary Pathology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

4.

Department of Microbiology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Acta Vet Eurasia 2020; 46: 7-14
DOI: 10.5152/actavet.2020.19008
Read: 113 Downloads: 64 Published: 13 January 2020

This study aimed to assess healing processes in juvenile Clarias gariepinus (C. gariepinus) (Burchell, 1822) fed varying levels of Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) (strain 762) and Psidium guajava (P. guajava) (Linneaus) meal. Eighty-four C. gariepinus with mean body weight of 125 g were analyzed. The fish were selected using a completely randomized design. They were distributed into 21 aquaria with 40 L water capacity. The adopted wound model was a standard 10-mm2 incision made on lateral and caudal regions. The fish were fed with 42% crude protein diet at 0, 40, 60, and 80 cells−1000 mL and g−1000 g of L. plantarum and guava leaf meals, respectively. Wound closures were observed daily for quantitative measurements. Healing rates were measured on the regions at 0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 days. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and analysis of variance at a p<0.05. The results showed better healing rate at lateral parts across treatments with complete healing recorded on the 12th day. The fastest healing rates and percentage were noted in fish fed LPA-basal diet+40 cells-1000 mL L. plantarum per kg of feed and GMC-basal diet+80 g−1000 g guava meal per kg of feed. These results reveal that L. plantarum at lower and P. guajava at higher concentrations led to faster healing than the control.

Cite this article as: Setufe S.B., Ajani E.K.,  Emikpe B. O., Ogunbanwo S.T., 2020. Wound-healing Potentials of Dietary Lactobacillus plantarum and Psidium guajava Leaf Meal in Clarias gariepinus Juveniles. Acta Vet Eurasia 46, 7-14.

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