Acta Veterinaria Eurasia

Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Domestic animals in Sudan: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis


Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Gadarif, Gadarif, Sudan


Department of Reproductive Health Sciences, Pan African University Life and Earth Sciences Institute (PAULESI), University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria


Department of Veterinary Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, AL-Salam University, West Kordofan, Sudan


Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Oyo State College of Agriculture and Technology, Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria


Department of Microbiology, Pathology and Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Gadarif, Gadarif, Sudan


Department of Microbiology, Selçuk University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Konya, Turkey


Department of Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bahri, Khartoum, Sudan


National Public Health Laboratory, Ministry of Health, Khartoum, Sudan

Acta Vet Eurasia 2022; 48: 216-226
DOI: 10.5152/actavet.2022.21065
Read: 1654 Downloads: 417 Published: 01 September 2022

This study is aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in domestic animals in Sudan. This search included all published and unpublished studies written in Arabic and English before May 25, 2021. Databases namely Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, MEDLINE, direct Google search, Google Scholar, world cat log, OpenGrey, OATD, and universities websites were used to retrieve published articles. Out of 650 screened studies, 27 articles with a total of 9926 animals were eligible for this meta-analysis. Data synthesis and statistical analysis were conducted by STATA software version 16. The pooled prevalence of overall T. gondii infections in the domestic animals, males, and females in Sudan was 38% (with CI 32%–45%), 36% (CI 25%–46%), and 38% (CI 28%–47%), respectively. Of these, the chicken had the highest prevalence of 80%, followed by sheep of 45%, goat of 41%, camel of 40%, cattle of 31%, horse of 31%, stray cats of 30%, and donkeys with the lowest prevalence of 16%. In this study, the reported pooled prevalence of T. gondii infections in Sudan was higher compared with other countries. The interpretation of these findings should take into consideration the presence of substantial heterogeneity between the included studies.

Cite this article as: Abdulslam Abdullah, A., Ahmed, M., Bello, I. I., Tawor, A., Osman Ahmed, A., Khider, M., & Hussein Elduma, A. (2022). Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in domestic animals in Sudan: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Acta Veterinaria Eurasia, 48(3), 216-226.

EISSN 2619-905X