Acta Veterinaria Eurasia
Original Article

Hygienic Quality Features in Baby Formulas, Follow-On Formulas, and Some Supplementary Foods


Department of Food Hygiene and Technology, Dicle University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Diyarbakır, Turkey


Deparment of Public Health, Diyarbakır Provincial Health Directorate, Diyarbakır, Turkey

Acta Vet Eurasia 2022; 48: 109-116
DOI: 10.5152/actavet.2022.21101
Read: 495 Downloads: 191 Published: 06 April 2022

In this study, baby formulas, follow-on formulas, cereal-based supplementary foods, fruit purees, vegetable purees, menus and mixtures, rice pudding and milk pudding, snacks, and beverages were investigated to determine the presence of various pathogenic bacteria and their hygienic qualities. The antibiotic resistance of isolates was determined by disc diffusion method. In the samples examined, Enterobacteriaceae, coliform, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, mold, and yeast contamination levels were found to be 42.96%, 0.74%, 2.22%, 0.74%, 23.70%, and 2.96%, respectively. The presence of Pantoea spp. (2.96%), Klebsiella pneumonia (5.19%), Enterobacter cloacae (0.74%), Serratia plymuthica (0.74%), Sphingomonas paucimobilis (0.74%), Bacillus pumilus (0.74%), Staphylococcus hominis (2.96%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (2.96%), Enterococcus casseliflavus (2.96%), and Enterococcus faecium (0.74%) was also found in analyzed samples. Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, E. coli, Cronobacter sakazakii, and sulfite-reducing anaerobic bacteria were not found in any sample. Pantoea spp., K. pneumonia, E. cloacae, S. paucimobilis, B. cereus, S. hominis, and S. epidermidis isolates showed multiple resistance to three or more antibiotics. The determination of multiple antibiotic resistance in some isolates with the presence of pathogen and potential pathogenic bacteria was found to be important in terms of public health.

Cite this article as: Vural, A., & Genc, E. (2022). Hygienic quality features in baby formulas, follow-on formulas, and some supplementary foods. Acta Veterinaria Eurasia. 48(2), 109-116.

ISSN 2618-639X EISSN 2619-905X