Acta Veterinaria Eurasia
Research Article

Effects of Cysteamine on Sheep Embryo Cleavage Rates

1.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Istanbul University, Avcılar, Istanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Reproduction and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Istanbul University, Avcılar, Istanbul, Turkey

Acta Vet Eurasia 2015; 41: 37-42
DOI: 10.16988/iuvfd.2015.39408
Read: 305 Downloads: 208 Published: 23 December 2019

Oxidative stress during in vitro culture leads to defects in development of gametes and embryos. Several antioxidants such as cysteamine, L-ascorbic acid, beta mercaptoethanol, cysteine, glutathione, proteins, vitamins have been used to supplement culture media to counter the oxidative stress. This study was conducted to detect the effect of adding cysteamine to the maturation medium to subsequent cleavage rates of sheep embryos. Totally 604 ovaries were obtained by ten replica and 2060 oocytes were collected. The cumulus oocyte complexes were recovered by the slicing method. A total of 1818 selected oocytes were divided into two groups and used for maturation (88.25%). The first group was created as supplemented with cysteamine (Group A) and second group (Group B, control) without cysteamine in TCM-199. The two groups were incubated for 24 h at 38.8 °C in an atmosphere of 5% CO2 in humidified air for in vitro maturation (IVM). After IVM, oocytes were fertilized with 50 x 107 / mL fresh ram semen in BSOF medium for 18 h. After fertilization, maturation groups were divided into two subgroups with different culture media: Group AI-SOF (Synthetic Oviduct Fluid medium), Group AII-CR1aa (Charles Rosencrans medium), Group BI-SOF and Group BII-CR1aa were achieved. Cleavage rates were evaluated at day 2. post insemination. The rates of cleavage were detected as 59.54% (184/309), 55.44% (173/312), 65.34% (215/329), 59.34% (200/337) respectively, with showing no statistically significant difference between the groups at the level of P>0.05. In conclusion, supplementing cysteamine to maturation media in TCM-199 did not affect the cleavage rates of sheep embryos in SOF and CR1aa culture media.

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ISSN 2618-639X EISSN 2619-905X