Acta Veterinaria Eurasia
Original Article

Detection of Feline Coronavirus, Feline Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline Leukemia Virus and Other Pathogen Genetic Material in Whole Blood from Domestic Cats in Türkiye

1.

Department of Virology, Namık Kemal University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tekirdağ, Turkey

2.

Department of Parasitology, Namık Kemal University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tekirdağ, Turkey

Acta Vet Eurasia 2023; 49: 141-148
DOI: 10.5152/actavet.2023.23017
Read: 607 Downloads: 304 Published: 22 August 2023

Many pathogens threaten feline health at all ages. Some pathogens suppress the immune system in cats, induce immunodeficiency, and predispose cats to other pathogens. In this study, 150 clinically sick (n=119) and healthy-looking (n=31) cats presented to private veterinary clinics with suspicious Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) were sampled. Feline coronavirus (FCoV), Feline calicivirus (FCV), Feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1), Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), Feline leukemia virus (FeLV), Parvovirus and Anaplasma species were investigated using pathogen-specific PCR protocols. Analysis results and demographic information of cats were evaluated. FCoV positivity rate at 23.3 %, other pathogens with varying rates FeLV at 54 %, Anaplasma sp. at 46%, FIV at 26 %, Parvovirus at 6.7 %, FCV 6%, FHV-1 at 2.7% was detected. The eleven cats (%7.3) were defined for wet FIP. This research is the first report regarding FHV-1, FCV, and Parvovirus infections in cats in Tekirdağ province. The results showed that viral agents and co-infections are common in domestic cats. Pathogen positivity was higher at younger ages and in clinically sick cats. The possibility of the coexistence of multiple pathogens in cats applying to the clinics should be considered for treatment success and the regulation of vaccination programs. 

Cite this article as: Muz, D., & Necati Muz, M. (2023). Detection of feline coronavirus, feline immunodeficiency virus, feline leukemia virus, and other pathogen genetic material in whole blood from domestic cats in Türkiye. Acta Veterinaria Eurasia, 49(3), 141-148.

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