Acta Veterinaria Eurasia
Original Article

Are Dogs and Cats Possible Reservoirs for Human Q Fever in Iran?

1.

Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

2.

Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

3.

Graduated student, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

4.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano (Bari), Italy

Acta Vet Eurasia 2021; 47: 37-43
DOI: 10.5152/actavet.2020.20022
Read: 70 Downloads: 32 Published: 02 December 2020

Q fever caused by Coxiella burnetii is a zoonosis of public health concern, primarily transmitted by ruminants and other potential animal species. Dogs and cats have been previously implicated in the transmission of the infection; however, their involvement in the epidemiology of Q fever has been poorly investigated. Therefore, in this study, the occurrence of C. burnetii was investigated in dogs (n=81) and cats (n=28) subjected to ovariohysterectomy or vaginal swab sampling. C. burnetii was detected by nested trans-polymerase chain reaction assay in 5 uterine samples of both dogs and cats (i.e., 12.1% and 17.8%, respectively) as well as in 8 of 40 (20%) vaginal samples of dogs. The presence of C. burnetii was determined in 18 of 109 (16.5%) samples. The genital tract of dogs and cats can harbor C. burnetii, and these animals may be considered as a source of infection. Therefore, Q fever should be considered a notable public health threat in Iran, and the pet owners should be made aware of the zoonotic potential of C. burnetii.

Cite this article as: Rezaei, M., Khalili, M., Saberi, M., Nakhei, A.R., Shahrbabaki, F.B., Abdoli Nasab Gorouhi, S., Otranto, D., Corrente, M., 2021. Are Dogs and Cats Possible Reservoirs for Human Q Fever in Iran? Acta Vet Eurasia 47, 37-43.

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